• Du 03 février 2017 au 04 février 2017
    Campus Tertre
    Faculté des Langues et Cultures Étrangères (FLCE)
    Amphi. 410 (rdc)
    Université de Nantes
    Chemin la Censive du Tertre
    BP 81227
    44312 NANTES Cedex 3
  • Inscriptions closes

    Gratuit pour les étudiants et personnels de l'Université de Nantes

Le CRINI, en partenariat avec le laboratoire CRHIA, organise le colloque annuel de la société française des études victoriennes et édouardiennes à la Faculté des Langues et Cultures Étrangères de l'Université de Nantes. Il aura lieu les 3 et 4 février 2017.

Victorian and Edwardian Industrial Desires: Artistic, Historical and Literary Perspectives

Victorian scholarship has long subscribed to a form of technophobia adopted from the Tory critiques of industry by John Ruskin and Thomas Carlyle and subsequently taken up by the Marxian critical tradition. By opposing the machine to the organic and the mechanical to the vital, this anti-industrial stance pleaded for the return to a pastoral, artisanal culture often linked with an idealised recreation of the Middle Ages. In recent years, as the computer dissolved the boundary between human intelligence and the would-be lifeless machine, this anti-industrial paradigm has been undermined. Victorianists have suggested that the steam-driven automatic machines of the Victorian mills and the proto-computers of Charles Babbage heralded our current understanding of human intelligence.
The human/mechanical dualism was gradually eclipsed by the vital machine as in the eyes of some Victorians their new engines were seen as hybrids, fusing mechanical qualities with qualities traditionally regarded as organic - Dickens's description of the stationary steam engines of Coketown in Hard Times as melancholy mad elephants may be a case in point. It has also been argued that the machine gave Victorians a new way of envisioning the human psyche. For example the steam engine could be seen as enacting the rhythm of generation and constraint of psychic energy or the occasional explosion of a locomotive boiler read as the image of a nervous breakdown. Precisely, what amounts to a form of industrial imaginary results from this tendency to vitalise machines whilst mechanising the mental and emotional life of human beings.
Télécharger le programme (pdf)


9h30- 9h45 Conference opening

9h45-11h15 Industry, Individuals and Society: Ideological and Aesthetic Perspectives

9h45-10h10 Stéphane GUY (University Cergy Pontoise)
"From Industrialisation to the Organisation of Society: Annie Besant's Socialism."
10h10-10h35 Valérie BAROTEAUX (EHESS)
"Robert Owen and Jean-Baptiste André Godin: From Industrial Utopia to the Circulation of their Practices."
10h35-11h00 Charlotte RIBEYROL (IUF, Paris Sorbonne)
"'Art Applied to Industry?' The Colours of William Burges's Great Bookcase (1859-1862)."
11h00-11h15 Questions
Coffee break

11h30-12h30  Keynote conference Tamara KETABGIAN (Beloit College)
Savages and Spiritual Engines: Paley, Wells, and Mechanical Feeling.
Chair: Georges LETISSIER

13h45-15h15  The Aesthetics of Industrial Imaginaries

13h45-14h10 Françoise DUPEYRON LAFAY (University Paris Est Créteil)
"H. G. Wells's industrial romance The Cone (1895). Genera mixta, the industrial sublime, melancholy madness, and horror."
14h10-14h35 Fabienne MOINE (University Paris X Nanterre)
"The Voices of Machines: Class, Subjectivity and Desire in Victorian Women's Factory Poems."
14h35-15h00 Marie LANIEL (University Jules Verne Picardie)
The silent Arachnes that weave unrestingly in our Imagination': The industrial metaphoric web in the works of Thomas Carlyle."
15h00-15h15 Questions
 Coffee break

15h30-16h45 Ambivalent Responses to Technology

15h30-15h55 Isabelle CASES (University Perpignan Via Domitia)
"Noble and Wonderful Structures: S. Williams and the Fascination with Iron Roads."
15h55-16h20 Richard W. HAYES (Architectural Historian, Columbia and Yale Universities)
"Ambivalent Responses to Technology Among Late Victorian Architects"
16h20-16h45 Catherine LANONE (University Paris Sorbonne Nouvelle) Victorian and Edwardian Hyperreality: the Seduction of the Virtual from Bram Stoker to E.M. Forster.
16h45-17h00 Questions

 9h30-11h00  Industrial Journeys: Escapism and Ideal Societies

 9h30-09h55 Jean-Yves TIZOT (University of Grenoble)
"Industrial to the Core: E.C. Howard's Garden City Idea and the Ideology of Industrialism."
09h55-10h20 Shirley DOULIERE (University Bordeaux 3, Montaigne)
"The English Lady around the world: when Isabella Bird explored far away lands to look for signs of the British Industry."
10h20-10h45 Hélène JOUBERT (University of Nantes)
Charles Reade's Foul Play: the Industrial Spirit at the Core of a Survival Narrative.
10h45-11h00 Questions
Coffee break

11h15-12h15 Desires of Representation and Industrial Sublime

11h15-11h40 Françoise BAILLET (University Cergy Pontoise)
"Images of Desire: Visual Representation of Workers and Paupers in the Illustrated London News and The Graphic (1850-1870)."
11h40-12h05 Béatrice LAURENT (University of the French West Indies and Guiana)
"Technological Design, Industrial Desire, Mechanical Sublime."
12h05-12h15 Questions

 13h30-14h35 Victorian and Quasi-Victorian Steampunk

14h00-14h25 Helena K. ESSER (Duisburg Essen University)
"Reassembling the Victorians: Steampunk, Cyborgs, and the Ethics of Industry."
14h25-14h35 Questions
Coffee break

 14h45-15h15 (De-)Industrialism, Mindscapes and Literary Movements

14h45-15h10 Addison NUGENT (University Paris Sorbonne Nouvelle)
"'The Creature of Rhythm': Visions of Machine Consciousness in George Eliot
and Ambrose Bierce"
15h10-15h15 Questions

15h15-15h30 Round table and end of conference